Monday, July 28, 2014

Ayurveda medicinal plants with anti-diabetic and other beneficial properties



Plant Name
Ayurvedic/common name/
Anti-diabetic and other beneficial effects proved scientifically
References
Acacia arabica:
Babbul
Hypoglycemic effect by initiating release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells
( Wadood A., et all, 1989 )
Aegle marmelos
Bael or Bilva
Hypoglycemic activity
(Karunanayake E.H. et all, 1984)
Aloe vera
and
Aloe barbadensis
Gwarpatha
or Ghritkumari
Hypoglycemic activity

Azadirachta indica:
Neem
Anti-diabetic activity, apart from this plant also has anti-bacterial, antimalarial, antifertility, hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects
(Biswas K., et all, 2002 )
Annona squamosa
Sitaphal
Hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic activities of ethanolic leaf-extract, Increased plasma insulin level

(Kaleem M. et all, 2006 & Gupta R K, et all, 2005)
Artemisia pallens
Davana
Hypoglycemic, increases peripheral glucose utilization or inhibits glucose reabsorption
(Subramonium A., et all, 1996 )
Areca catechu
Pugi/Supari
Hypoglycemic
(Chempakam B. 1993 )
Boerhavia diffusa
Punarnava
Increase in hexokinase activity,decrease in glucose-6-phosphatase and fructose bis-phosphatase activity, increase plasma insulin level, antioxidant
(Pari L.,2004 & Sateesh M A 2004)
Bombax ceiba
Semul or Shalmali

Palasha
Hypoglycemic

Hypoglycemic
(Somani R., et all, 2006 )
(Saleem R.,et all, 1999 )
Butea monosperma
Cassia auriculata Linn
Avartaki
Antihyperglycemic
(S. J. Surana, et all, 2008 )
Capparis decidua
Karir or Kair
Hypoglycemic, antioxidant, hypolipidaemic
(Agarwal V., Chauhan B.M. 1988 )

Coccinia indica
Bimbi
Hypoglycemic
(Kamble S.M.,et all, 1998)

Emblica officinalis
Amla, Dhatriphala, a constituent of herbal formulation, “Triphala”
Decreases lipid peroxidation, antioxidant, Hypoglycemic
  1. Bhattacharya A, et all 1999,b. Kumar K C S , et all, 1999, c. Bhattacharya A, et all, 1995)

Enicostema littorale
Krimihrita
Increase hexokinase activity, Decrease glucose 6-phosphatase and fructose 1,6 bisphosphatase activity. Dose dependent hypoglycemic activity
(a) Maroo J., et all, 2003, b. Vijayvargia R. et all, 2000)

Eugenia jambolana
Indian gooseberry, jamun, Jambu
Antihyperglycemic effect, Inhibits insulin activity from liver and kidney
(Acherekar S., et all, 1991)

Ficus bengalenesis

Vat/ Burgad
Hypoglycemic, antioxidant
(Augusti K.T., et all, 1994)


Gymnema sylvestre
Gudmar
or Meshashringi
Anti-hyperglycemic effect, hypolipidemic
  1. Chattopadhyay R.R, 1999, b. Preuss H.G., et all, 1998)

Hemidesmus indicus
Sariva/Anantamul
Anti snake venom activity, anti-inflammatory, Hypoglycemic
(Alam M.I., Gomes A. 1998)

Hibiscus rosa-sinesis
Hollarhena antidisentrica
Gudahal or Japa

Kutaj
Initiates insulin release from pancreatic beta cells
Hypoglycemic activity
(Sachadeva A., Khemani L.D, 1999)
(P. Chandar – 2006)

Momordica cymbalaria
Karela
Hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic
(Rao B.K. et all, 1999)

Murraya koenigii
Curry patta, Meetha Neem
Hypoglycemic, increases glycogenesis and decreases gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis
(Khan B.A.,, et all, 1995)

Swertia chirayita
Chiraita
Stimulates insulin release from islets
(Saxena A.M., et all, 1993)

Syzygium alternifolium
Shaha - jira
Hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic
(Rao B.K., Rao C.H., 2001 )

Terminalia belerica
Behada
Antibacterial, Hypoglycemic
(Sabu M.C., Kuttan R, 2002 )

Terminalia chebula
Haritaki or Harad
Antibacterial, Hypoglycemic
(Sabu M.C., Kuttan R., 2002)

Vinca rosea
Sadabahar
Anti-hyperglycemic
(Chattopadhyay S.R, et all, 1991 )

Withania somnifera
Ashvagandha, Winter cherry
Hypoglycemic, diuretic and hypocholesterolemic
(Adallu B., Radhika B. , 2004 )



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